Flask vs Django: Let’s Choose Your Next Python Framework
By default, Django’s installation provides forms; that data models create using ModelForms, which handles data input and validation of clients and servers. These forms also deal with security issues such as CSRF, SQL injection, and XSS.
The features of any framework can indicate the applications for which it’s most useful. Flask has some cutting-edge features for building and optimizing web applications. Here are a few prominent Flask features you should know.
Flask supports the introduction of third-party extensions which add functionality to your application. Among the many available Flask extensions are Flask SQLAlchemy, which adds support for working with databases, and WTForms, which supports working with web forms.
Django is a more complex web solution that requires extensive expertise to create a sophisticated application such as terminal commands, advanced Python programming skills, variables, loops, and functions.
Are you weighing options for your new website or application and trying to choose between Flask and Django?
Flask comes with plenty of tools, technologies, and libraries required for web application development. Flask offers form validation and other extensions for object-relational mapping, open authentication, file uploading, and others.
When implementing machine learning models, Flask is far more user-friendly for beginners than Django. It also requires fewer lines of code.
There are many WSGI web servers available, but In a production environment, robust servers like Nginx or Apache are called for. Luckily, those popular servers can be configured to support Flask’s WSGI functionality.
Key Features Of Django
Both Flask and Django are free and open-source Python frameworks. From a business point of view, Flask can be more expensive to use than Django because it has fewer built-in features and needs more upkeep, particularly in terms of development time and security.
Start with Flask, whether learning Django or Flask is your main objective. It’s excellent for understanding the principles of web development, benchmarks, and the basic components of web frameworks.
Other than a few built-in capabilities, Flask relies primarily on extensions for its functionality. Whether it’s integrating databases or implementing more security measures, there’s an extension for almost everything you need.
Although Flask likewise allows for quick MVP development, there’s an obvious difference when it comes to the frontend. With Django, it’s faster to add the frontend and receive feedback.
We’ve now come to the battle of frameworks. Let’s put Flask against Django and find out which solution is better for you. Ready? Here we go.
In order to deal with forms, Flask integrates the Flask-WTF extension with WTForms instead. Subsequently, WTForms-Alchemy uses SQLAlchemy models to create forms.
It also doesn’t have a database layer or arrangements for shape approval and utilizes expansions.
2. Unit Testing System
For Flask, the Werkzeug extension implements URL routing. It also handles requests and responses from the application.
Even though Flask has fewer coding requirements than Django, which makes it less susceptible to cyber threats, it’s still heavily reliant on third-party extensions, which means that an application’s security is only as strong as its weakest plugin.
Since optimizing loading times and performance can be tricky when working with database systems like MongoDB and Redis, Django can quickly handle all of the data, reducing loading time. Django further safeguards error-free results regardless of how complex the coding is.
3. A Don’t Repeat Yourself Philosophy
If you’re a beginner but are already familiar with Python, it’s easy to get your head around Flask’s minimalist structure.
Therefore, Django is easier to secure upfront and maintain throughout the life of your app.
Django is a sophisticated Python-based framework with full-stack development configurations such as template layouts, request and troubleshooting, cookies, form validation, unit tests, table settings, and other functionality devs use to create dynamic web applications.
Unlike Flask, Django comes with the functions of authorization and authentication already built-in. It also comes with account management and support for sessions.
Flask and Django are two extremely powerful and popular Python frameworks, but even professional web developers may struggle to determine which one is best for their specific requirements.
Flask is a micro-framework that doesn’t require external libraries to implement its functionalities. It was developed in 2011 by Armin Ronacher, who came up with it while developing a solution that combined Werkzeug (a server framework) and Jinja2 (a template library).
Django’s integrated template engine expedites development when compared to Flask’s engine. What’s more, Django is equipped with a wealth of standard libraries that aid developers in building widely used functionalities and resolving common development issues.
Django, on the other hand, has its own simple yet powerful ORM, which supports a range of relational databases such as SQLite, PostgreSQL, MariaDB, and Oracle. The ORM offers support for the generation and management of database migrations.
Despite doing a hatchet job on the overall development time, Flask typically adopts a “build from scratch” approach for the majority of your website, making full-fledged web application development fairly labor-intensive. If you’re an advanced user, your development timeline could be slowed by its limited native development features.
Both frameworks are excellent for creating web apps, and the best one for you will depend on the project’s size, demands, and existing requirements.
On the flip side, Django’s large codebase opens it to more malicious activities. That being said, Django is highly secure by default and includes plenty of integrated security tools such as scripts, user password hashing, CSRF tokens as well as authentication and authorization modules.
By following a Don’t Repeat Yourself (DRY) principle, Django ensures that the information isn’t duplicated. Logic that supports a group of data ought to be distinct and reliable. Therefore, you can concentrate on writing original code while reusing existing code. That helps speed up web application development.
Low coupling, pluggability, reusability, and simple code are some of Django’s core tenets. It’s no surprise that global companies such as Instagram, National Geographic, Spotify, Mozilla, Quora, and Discovery Channel use Django for their development projects.
Key Features Of Flask
Django, however, has far more documentation than Flask because it is a full-stack framework rather than a minimalist one.
Some of the well-known companies that have employed Flask include Samsung, Netflix, Lyft, Reddit, and Zillow.
Django supports a plethora of packages for developing a fully functional application. It discourages you from relying on third-party solutions by supplying kits for nearly everything.
Both Flask and Django allow you to map URLs to views. They also support function and class-based views.
In this Flask vs Django battle, the clear winner for you is the one that truly meets your needs. Some programmers even use both frameworks!
This Flask-vs-Django comparison guide will help you decide by examining the core differences between the two.
What Is Flask?
What Is Django?
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Flask is scalable as it can process a large number of requests each day. The micro-framework modularizes the entire code and allows developers to work on independent chunks as the code base grows.
Flask’s integrated unit testing system helps speed up debugging and encourages robust development.
3. Extension Support
Django also uses load balancing and clustering for running the app across various servers. In other words, you can scale your web app without affecting the overall performance or loading times.
Dubbed a “framework for fussbudgets with deadlines,” Django is a free, open-source web framework first released in 2005 by Adrian Holovaty and Simon Willison.
So, what does it mean for you in this Flask vs Django comparison? To help you make a decision, this table sums it all up.
Free open-source, will cost more for maintenance and security.
Free open-source, suitable for low-budget projects.
The development process takes a longer time than Django.
Excellent for quick development and projects with tight deadlines.
Ease of Use/Learning
Easy to learn and straightforward. Best for beginners.
More complex and requires advanced knowledge of Python. Best for advanced users.
In demand with slightly higher average salaries than Django.
More popular than Flask. In demand with slightly lower average salaries than Flask.
Flask relies mostly on third-party extensions for additional functionality.
Django comes with a wide range of built-in features.
Flask is lightweight and simpler, allowing it to build projects in a shorter time and with less coding.
More suitable for building larger projects rapidly and effortlessly.
Limited scalability. Ideal for small projects.
High scalability. Recommended for large, complex projects.
Short codebase making it more secure to threats, but limited in integrated security features.
Long codebase, making it more prone to mistakes and attacks, but includes numerous security features by default.
Lightweight, more flexible and faster than Django.
Full-stack solution. Less flexible than Flask.
Flask vs Django: Which Should You Choose?
Ease of Use/Learning
This prevents programmers from making common security mistakes and allows them to run a security checklist before deployment. Plus, the Django development team promptly and proactively reports any identified security flaws.
Other extensions include those responsible for security. In other words, where Flask falls short, it compensates with support for extensions.
4. WSGI Compatibility
For instance, developers can create a minimum viable product (MVP) faster with Django than with Flask. That’s why Django is ideal for getting big websites started.
Django might be the better choice if you need to develop a highly scalable web application.
Dajngo facilitates site mapping and has the ability to generate dynamic links and URLs based on targeted keywords. This can help you improve your site’s search engine rankings.
5. Variety of Packages
Being based on Werkzeug, Flask aims to be as simple as possible yet extensible to allow easy future expansions of the project. It’s this simplicity, flexibility and lightweight that allows developers to build small apps in shorter times.
If you’re unsure where to begin, we recommend starting with Flask. Flask is practical because it’s easier to get going without feeling overwhelmed. Django is a fantastic web solution for creating cool apps, but less suitable for a novice.
Django can accommodate a large volume of traffic, like complex social networks and content management systems.
Django here shines again as it comes with a functional admin panel that allows you to quickly perform CRUD operations against your model as you build up an application without requiring any extra code.
Routing and Views
Django’s approach to security helps users combat malicious threats like SQL injection, cross-site request forgery (CSRF), cross-site scripting (XSS), clickjacking, and more.
Flask doesn’t place limits on how data is stored, and hence there is a wide range of available libraries and extensions specifically for that.
Django automatically plugs vulnerabilities that the backend developer could unintentionally overlook while creating a web app. Plus, you can handle user accounts and passwords securely with Django’s active user authentication feature.
2. Adapts to Heavy-Load Projects
The rich Flask documentation is particularly helpful for new users who wish to get started with the framework. It has a less steep learning curve than Django, involves a thorough explanation, and covers everything from installation to deployment.
By comparing the two frameworks on various criteria, neither Flask nor Django can be deemed superior across the board.
The Django framework offers an assortment of compelling features ideal for businesses that hire developers who are dedicated to delivering projects on time. Let’s go through some of them.
1. Robust Security
Werkzeug, on which Flask is based, is a Web Server Gateway Interface (WSGI) utility library. This makes Flask applications compatible with any WSGI-compliant web server.
So far, the performance race is tough. Nevertheless, Flask takes it home with its small requirements as you can build an entire project using half the number of code lines and fewer resource consumption with Flask than Django.
No matter which framework you choose, you can get it up and running easily on Kinsta’s Application Hosting platform. You can see just how easy by checking out our quick start examples for Flask and Django.